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Blog archive

2020
2021

Cyanocobalamin

Cyanocobalamin is a highly complex, essential vitamin, owing its name to the fact that it contains the mineral, cobalt. This vitamin is produced naturally by bacteria, and is necessary for DNA synthesis and cellular energy production. In the cobalamins, cobalt normally exists in the trivalent state, Co(III). However, under reducing conditions, the cobalt centre is reduced to Co(II) or even Co(I), which are usually denoted as B12r and B12s, for reduced and super reduced, respectively.

Dabigatran

Dabigatran is a direct inhibitor of thrombin and anticoagulant which is used for prevention of stroke and venous embolism in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. Dabigatran was approved for medical use in 2010.